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电子眼监控应遵守的几个准则!

点击次数:    发布时间:2018-11-20  http://www.hzzhongtebao.com/
“电子眼”是电子监督探头的俗称。现在,许多城市的公共场所设备了“电子眼”。而跟着“电子眼”越来越多地进入咱们的日子,人们关于“电子眼”的观点也逐步分为两类。一部分人认为,“电子眼”虽然在维护社会治安及交通秩序等方面发挥了巨大的效果,但它也侵略了公民的隐私权,使公民的一举一动彻底处于电子监控之下。
"Electronic eye" is commonly known as electronic monitoring probe. Nowadays, public places in many cities are equipped with "electronic eyes". With more and more "electronic eyes" coming into our life, people's views on "electronic eyes" are gradually divided into two categories. Some people think that although the "electronic eye" has played a great role in maintaining social order and traffic order, it also invades the privacy of citizens, so that citizens'every move is completely under electronic monitoring.
但也有人认为,公共的安全高于个人隐私。
But others believe that public safety is higher than personal privacy.
即闭路电视监控,一般是指在公共场所设备摄像机并与室内监督中心的电视监督器衔接,以对不特定的大众进行监督的行为。这种监督可所以即时的监控,也可所以制成录像带,事后进行观看。依据监控主体和监控意图不同,可将其分为三类:
Closed-circuit television surveillance, generally refers to the behavior of equipping cameras in public places and connecting them with TV monitors in indoor surveillance centers to supervise the unspecified masses. Such supervision can be monitored instantly, and video tapes can be made and watched afterwards. According to the different monitoring subjects and monitoring intentions, they can be classified into three categories:
榜首,私人社会中的摄像监控,是一种为了维护监控主体本身的权益而采纳的自我保证办法。如超市、银行、社区、工厂等进行的电子监控。
At the top of the list, video surveillance in private society is a self-assurance method adopted to safeguard the rights and interests of the subject of surveillance. Such as supermarkets, banks, communities, factories and other electronic monitoring.
第二,政府为保证治安而进行的摄像监控,这种监控是政府尤其是公安机关为实行其职责,为公民供给安全效劳而进行的,是政府利用高科技手法改进其效劳手法的体现。
Secondly, the government's video surveillance to ensure public security, which is carried out by the government, especially by the public security organs, in order to fulfill their duties and provide security services for citizens, is the embodiment of the government's use of high-tech means to improve its service methods.
第三,国家为特别安全利益而采纳的高强度摄像监控,比方英国近在国内所进行的高密布度的监控,这归于一种临时性的办法,是政府在十分时期采纳的十分行动。其意图现已超出了传统的供给安全效劳的领域,而转变为会集防范与冲击恐怖主义。
Thirdly, the high-intensity video surveillance adopted by the state for special security interests, such as the high-density surveillance recently carried out in the UK at home, is attributed to a temporary approach, which is a very action adopted by the government in a very long period of time. Its intention has now gone beyond the traditional field of providing security services, and turned into a gathering to prevent and attack terrorism.
电子眼监控应遵守的几个准则
Several guidelines for electronic eye monitoring
隐私权开展之路必定是利益冲突与和谐之路。那么,应怎么和谐各种利益胶葛,使得隐私权得到大极限的合理维护呢?笔者认为,电子眼的监控规模有必要严厉限定在公共领域内并且有必要合法设备。同时,在电子眼监控问题上,还应遵守以下几个准则:
The way to carry out the right of privacy must be the road of conflict of interest and harmony. Then, how should we harmoniously benefit all kinds of interests so as to maximize the right limit of privacy? In my opinion, it is necessary to strictly limit the monitoring scale of electronic eyes in the public domain and legitimate equipment is necessary. At the same time, the following criteria should be observed in the field of electronic eye monitoring.
,约束监控准则。在《德国联邦材料维护法》与《美国隐私权法》中都有关于约束搜集或许说直接准则的清晰规则,主要是指个人材料应在当事人知情的情况下向其
First, constraint monitoring criteria. In the German Federal Material Maintenance Act and the American Privacy Law, there are clear rules about the direct criterion of restraining collection, which mainly refers to that personal materials should be informed to the parties concerned.
直接搜集,而不得隐秘搜集。详细到电子眼的监控上,要求关于摄像设备应设备有警示标志,使得当事人清晰知道自己是处于电子眼监督之下。
Direct collection, but no secret collection. Detailed to the monitoring of the electronic eye, the camera equipment should have warning signs, so that the parties clearly know that they are under the supervision of the electronic eye.
第二,意图拘束准则。即设备电子眼有必要有合理、合法、清晰的意图,并且监控所获得的信息不能用于此特定意图之外。比方,公安机关依据摄像监控获得的材料只能用于维护治安之意图,除法令有清晰规则外,不能用于其他用处。
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Second, the intention is to bind the rules. That is to say, it is necessary for device electronic eyes to have reasonable, legitimate and clear intentions, and the information obtained by monitoring can not be used beyond this specific intent. For example, the materials obtained by the public security organs based on video surveillance can only be used for the purpose of maintaining public order, and can not be used for other purposes except for clear rules of law.
第三,严厉保密准则。电子眼监控不只在于监督,更在于依据监督所得信息进行办理操控。而对隐私权侵略多的即是监督所得信息的不正当传达,因而这一准则尤为重要。
Third, strict confidentiality guidelines. Electronic eye monitoring is not only supervised but also manipulated according to the information obtained from supervision. And the most invasion of privacy is the improper transmission of information obtained by supervision, so this criterion is particularly important.
第四,职责准则。不具有强制性和保证性的准则其可执行性明显下降,电子眼监控中出现侵略隐私权的景象时,当事人假如不能得到有用维护,那么侵权现象将会大量出现。
Fourth, duty rules. The enforceability of the non-mandatory and guaranteed criteria is obviously reduced. When the invasion of privacy occurs in electronic eye monitoring, if the parties can not be effectively maintained, then the phenomenon of infringement will appear in large numbers.
世界各国关于电子眼监控没有有清晰的法令规则,但是欧美各国关于个人隐私、个人信息维护的立法现已根本完善,电子眼监控所带来的问题现已能够被相关立法所包容。而我国关于隐私权的维护系统没有完善,尤其是国家赔偿中关于精力危害不予赔偿形成隐私权维护的法令缺位。现在北京、重庆、成都等城市公布的关于电子眼的规章多是从行政办理角度出发标准电子眼的设置,虽然各个规章中都强调对隐私权的维护,但是除北京市的规则外,其他规则过于简单,没有可强制执行性,且各地规则繁简不同,详细要求各异,对隐私权的维护不行完善。
There are no clear laws and regulations on electronic eye monitoring in the world, but the legislation on personal privacy and personal information maintenance in European and American countries has been basically improved, and the problems brought by electronic eye monitoring can now be contained by relevant legislation. However, the system of privacy protection in China is not perfect, especially the absence of laws and regulations on the protection of privacy caused by the non-compensation of energy damage in state compensation. At present, the regulations on electronic eyes published in Beijing, Chongqing, Chengdu and other cities are mostly from the perspective of administrative management. Although each regulation emphasizes the protection of privacy, the other rules are too simple to be enforceable, and the local rules are too simple and not enforceable. Meanwhile, the detailed requirements are different, and the maintenance of privacy rights can not be perfected.
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