点击次数： 发布时间：2018-11-20 http://www.hzzhongtebao.com/
"Electronic eye" is commonly known as electronic monitoring probe. Nowadays, public places in many cities are equipped with "electronic eyes". With more and more "electronic eyes" coming into our life, people's views on "electronic eyes" are gradually divided into two categories. Some people think that although the "electronic eye" has played a great role in maintaining social order and traffic order, it also invades the privacy of citizens, so that citizens'every move is completely under electronic monitoring.
But others believe that public safety is higher than personal privacy.
Closed-circuit television surveillance, generally refers to the behavior of equipping cameras in public places and connecting them with TV monitors in indoor surveillance centers to supervise the unspecified masses. Such supervision can be monitored instantly, and video tapes can be made and watched afterwards. According to the different monitoring subjects and monitoring intentions, they can be classified into three categories:
At the top of the list, video surveillance in private society is a self-assurance method adopted to safeguard the rights and interests of the subject of surveillance. Such as supermarkets, banks, communities, factories and other electronic monitoring.
Secondly, the government's video surveillance to ensure public security, which is carried out by the government, especially by the public security organs, in order to fulfill their duties and provide security services for citizens, is the embodiment of the government's use of high-tech means to improve its service methods.
Thirdly, the high-intensity video surveillance adopted by the state for special security interests, such as the high-density surveillance recently carried out in the UK at home, is attributed to a temporary approach, which is a very action adopted by the government in a very long period of time. Its intention has now gone beyond the traditional field of providing security services, and turned into a gathering to prevent and attack terrorism.
Several guidelines for electronic eye monitoring
The way to carry out the right of privacy must be the road of conflict of interest and harmony. Then, how should we harmoniously benefit all kinds of interests so as to maximize the right limit of privacy? In my opinion, it is necessary to strictly limit the monitoring scale of electronic eyes in the public domain and legitimate equipment is necessary. At the same time, the following criteria should be observed in the field of electronic eye monitoring.
First, constraint monitoring criteria. In the German Federal Material Maintenance Act and the American Privacy Law, there are clear rules about the direct criterion of restraining collection, which mainly refers to that personal materials should be informed to the parties concerned.
Direct collection, but no secret collection. Detailed to the monitoring of the electronic eye, the camera equipment should have warning signs, so that the parties clearly know that they are under the supervision of the electronic eye.
Second, the intention is to bind the rules. That is to say, it is necessary for device electronic eyes to have reasonable, legitimate and clear intentions, and the information obtained by monitoring can not be used beyond this specific intent. For example, the materials obtained by the public security organs based on video surveillance can only be used for the purpose of maintaining public order, and can not be used for other purposes except for clear rules of law.
Third, strict confidentiality guidelines. Electronic eye monitoring is not only supervised but also manipulated according to the information obtained from supervision. And the most invasion of privacy is the improper transmission of information obtained by supervision, so this criterion is particularly important.
Fourth, duty rules. The enforceability of the non-mandatory and guaranteed criteria is obviously reduced. When the invasion of privacy occurs in electronic eye monitoring, if the parties can not be effectively maintained, then the phenomenon of infringement will appear in large numbers.
There are no clear laws and regulations on electronic eye monitoring in the world, but the legislation on personal privacy and personal information maintenance in European and American countries has been basically improved, and the problems brought by electronic eye monitoring can now be contained by relevant legislation. However, the system of privacy protection in China is not perfect, especially the absence of laws and regulations on the protection of privacy caused by the non-compensation of energy damage in state compensation. At present, the regulations on electronic eyes published in Beijing, Chongqing, Chengdu and other cities are mostly from the perspective of administrative management. Although each regulation emphasizes the protection of privacy, the other rules are too simple to be enforceable, and the local rules are too simple and not enforceable. Meanwhile, the detailed requirements are different, and the maintenance of privacy rights can not be perfected.
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